Peaches are a characteristically fuzzy fruit native to northwest China. They are a member of the stone fruit family, having one large middle seed, as do cherries, apricots, plums, and nectarines.
The inner flesh of a peach can range in color from white to yellow or orange. There are two different varieties of peaches: freestone and clingstone, depending on whether the flesh sticks to the inner seed or easily comes apart.
They are also a very rich fruit in nutrients in vitamin C,vitamin A, iron ,vitamin E, vitamin K, niacin, and copper, and to a lesser but significant degree, magnesium, manganese, calcium, and phosphorus.
The European plum is thought to have been discovered around two thousand years ago, originating in the area near the Caspian Sea.
Even in ancient Roman times, there were already over 300 varieties of European plums. European plums made their way across the Atlantic Ocean with the pilgrims, who introduced them into the United States in the 17th century.
Plums are a diverse group of species. The commercially important plum trees are mediumsized, usually pruned to 5–6 meters height. The tree is of medium hardiness.
Without pruning, the trees can reach 12 meters in height and spread across 10 meters.
They blossom in different months in different parts of the world; for example, in about January in Taiwan and early April in the United Kingdom.
Fruits are usually of medium size, between 2 and 7 centimetres in diameter, globose to oval.
The flesh is firm and juicy. The fruit's peel is smooth, with a natural waxy surface that adheres to the flesh. The plum is a drupe, meaning its fleshy fruit surrounds a single hard seed.
A nectarine is a fuzzless variety of peach. It is not a cross between a peach and a plum (Prunus persica).Nectarines, like peaches, probably originated in China over 2,000 years ago and were cultivated in ancient Persia, Greece and Rome.
They were grown in Great Britain in the late 16th or early 17th centuries, and were introduced to America by the Spanish.
The word 'nectarine' means sweet as nectar, and this is very likely the obvious origin of the name.
Peach seeds may occasionally grow into trees that bear nectarines, and nectarine seeds may grow into trees that bear either nectarines or peaches.
It is not possible to know which fruit will grow on trees grown from nectarine seeds, so nectarine branches are grafted onto peach trees to guarantee a crop of nectarines.
The Cherry is a small soft round fruit, red or black when ripe, containing a stone. Botanically, they belong to the family of genus rosaceous, prunes, which also includes “drupe” family of fruits like plums, peaches, apricots etc. Although several species of cherries exist, two important cultivars; sweet cherry and sour cherry are widely popular.
Sweet cherry belongs to the species; prunus avium, and sour cherry belongs to that of prunus cerasus.
Cherries have a very short growing season and can grow in most temperate latitudes.The peak season for cherries is in the summer